Temporomandibular joint dysfunction or TMJ dysfunction is an extremely wide term that covers
chronic and acute pain in the mastication muscles and inflammation of the TMJ.
Temporomandibular joint is responsible for connecting the skull to the mandible. TMJ Disorder
results in impairment of function and severe pain. Though this type of Disorder goes beyond the
boundaries of most disciplines of health care, there are many treatment approaches for TMJ
related dysfunctions. Many TMJ Redondo Beach specialists offer a wide range of treatment
options for patients suffering from this problem.
The reasons for TMJ dysfunction are different disorders that often overlap to make the situation
rather difficult to diagnose and treat. Problems with the muscle and the joint itself are the most
common causes for TMJ dysfunction. Most TMJ Redondo Beach specialists prefer conservative
treatment at the beginning because many of these cases heal automatically over a period of
However, surgery or injections may be required in the initial stage of treatment for some
patients. Your TMJ specialist may suggest you to take soft foods that require less chewing. This
helps the process of healing by providing rest to your jaw. Fruit smoothies, mashed potatoes,
soup, yoghurt, scrambled eggs, cottage cheese are highly recommended for TMJ Disorders
patients because these foods require almost no chewing.
Application of moist heats and ice packs is also a routine treatment for TMJ related problems.
Application of moist heat relaxes tightened muscles responsible for causing spasms. Application
of ice for approximately five minutes is another well-known physical therapy regularly
recommended by TMJ Redondo Beach specialist.
Medicines like NSAIDs are helpful in relieving swelling and muscle pain. Muscle relaxants, anti-
anxiety medicines, and anti-depressants, antiepileptics are also prescribed to control or reduce
the severity of the symptoms. Many doctors also use Splints and Oral Appliances to prevent the
two jaws of teeth from coming in contact with each other. These specifically designed devices
relieve the muscles and joints to help them relax and heal.
Acupuncture, TENS, Ultrasound, and Trigger point injections are some other treatment options
for patients suffering from TMJ Disorders. However, these options are used only for patients
who fail to respond to the basic remedies. Surgery is the last alternative for TMJ Redondo
Beach patients who have not benefited from all treatments discussed so far. Open joint therapy
and Arthroscopy are the two types of surgery. Arthroscopy requires general anesthesia and a
small incision for the insertion of an instrument connected to a video monitor. In Open joint
surgery, the TMJ is operated directly under the vision of the surgeon without using video